Prickly Park and Pima County Native Plant Nursery

Blogpost written by PCMN Peggy O.

Members of Cohort 6 of Pima County Master Naturalists (PCMN) attended their first in-person field experience together at Pima Prickly Park on Saturday, March 5, 2022. Dick Wiedhopf, the President of the Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society (TCSS) shared the history and mission of the Park, a partnership between Pima County Natural Resources Parks and Recreation and the society. The ever-evolving collaboration has resulted in a “work-in-progress landscape highlighting cacti and other succulents. Free and open to the public since 2011, the park has been maintained and improved by a dedicated group of volunteers from the TCSS who “rescue” cactus and succulents to add to the park and sell at community plant sales to subsidize their work…fulfilling the TCSS mission of “knowing, sharing, growing, and conserving.”

Amy Belk, the Program Coordinator for Pima County’s Native Plant Nursery (NPN), continued the tour of the facility that grows and cares for plants being raised for a variety of public projects. The NPN also rescues native plants from public and private property slated for development and maintains a seed library of 130 native species. The MN’s also had a chance to “get their hands dirty” sampling some typical volunteer duties including weeding, watering and transplanting. 

Special thanks to the Pima County Native Plant Nursery and the Tucson Cactus Native Plant Society for providing an example of what is possible with vision, creativity, and dedication. They have created a partnership that benefits all residents of Pima County and provides leadership in the conservation of our Sonoran Desert Natural Resources. PCMN have worked as volunteers with both organizations and have logged more than 500 volunteer hours at the Prickly Park and Plant Nursery.

Cohort 6 at “Saguarohenge” at Prickly Park
Dick Wiedhopf, President of the Tucson Cactus and Succulent Society, leads a tour of Prickly Park.

SARSEF 2022

Southern Arizona Regional Science and Engineering Fair

By Franklin Lane

Every year SARSEF conducts a regional science fair for local school, science fair winners.  These students compete for awards in various categories and for an invitation to the National level competition.  For the last three years the regional fair has been virtual.  Normally projects are displayed and judged live at the Tucson Convention Center.

SARSEF’s mission is to create Arizona’s future critical thinkers and problem solvers through science and engineering.” Participants have gone on to become “neurosurgeons, engineers, wildlife conservationists, veterinarians, teachers and professors, journalists and so much more.”

Student projects can additionally be recognized by SARSEF sponsors. This year the Pima County Chapter of the Arizona Master Naturalists sponsored an award for K-8 students. The Chapter Board of Directors voted to award a trophy and a $100 cash prize to that project which best explored “The Ecology of the Sonoran Desert.”

An ad hoc committee consisting of Peggy Ollerhead (C3), Marlene Shamis (C4) and Franklin Lane (C1) was formed to apply for SARSEF sponsorship and ultimately judge eligible projects.  Hundreds of projects were triaged electronically for both age group and topic relevancy.  A final six were then carefully considered by the committee for the PCMN award.  The winner was Myla Closterman, a 2nd grader in Ms. Laura Kupper’s class at Canyon View Elementary School.  Myla’s research investigated Antlions (Myrmeleon sp.) and was aptly named “The Lion Project”.

You can view Kyla’s project here:

Hopefully this will become an annual event for the Chapter.

Unexplored Land in …Marana?

by Dave DeGroot, Cohort 2, Feb. 23, 2022

I am fascinated by the 2,400-acre piece of raw desert northwest of Tucson called the Tortolita Preserve. The land is leased from the state by the town of Marana and its boundaries lie within the Marana city limits.

You could say that almost half of this huge piece of land – close to a thousand acres – is unexplored. The western 40% of the Preserve (shaded red in the map) lies outside of the Preserve’s well-known hiking and biking trails and beyond the utility road that most people mistakenly think is the western boundary. There are no good roads into this area. At present, this part of the Preserve is the domain of off-roaders, lots of cattle, and (illegal) target shooters. Few people even pay attention to the western border, let alone understand this area’s plants, animals, geology, and cultural history.

Ethan Fraijo and I are close to completing an amateur, preliminary biodiversity survey in the Preserve. Lately we have been stepping off the western boundary lines with a special topo map, a GPS device, compass and some temporary surveyor’s tape on tree branches, which we plan to remove later. When you add up the distance we are walking around the western border of the almost-thousand acres, it adds up to about 2 ½ miles, running through rough, trackless and virtually unexplored land.

Ethan Fraijo puts up a temporary boundary marker at a key point on the Preserve’s west border.

Just a few of the interesting discoveries we have made in this western 40% of the Preserve include:

• …remains of an old aqueduct that channeled water from deep in Wild Burro Canyon eight miles to dam-like berms constructed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) at the southwest corner of the Preserve. Yes, the USBR is the same government agency that is famous for constructing the Hoover Dam, Glen Canyon Dam, and dozens of other mega-dams throughout the western states during the last three-quarters of a century! Seventy-five or 100 years ago there must have been a substantial amount of water running through the Preserve – enough so the USBR was working on ways to conserve it.

• The northwest part of this area features hills of Pleistocene soil documented by State of Arizona geologists. While this particular kind of soil may not be unique around Tucson, it is fascinating to consider that it may a hundred thousand years older than all the other soils in the Preserve – land on which 14-foot tall mammoths, saber-toothed cats, camels, dire wolves, ground sloths, etc. may have roamedbefore the end of the last Ice Age.

• The southwestern grassy areas of the West Preserve could be called the Kingdom of the Ants, with huge clearings made by harvester ants and turrets constructed by leaf-cutter ants. In some washes you seea dozen or more ant hill/turrets in close proximity that are probably the home territory of several queens cooperatively ruling a massivecolony.

• The western acres (unfortunately) have many examples of dumping and destruction by irresponsible off-roaders and shooters. We foundold TVs, a bullet-riddled automobile fender, lots of shot-up beer cans, and hundreds of old shell casings. This misuse of the desert will hopefully be alleviated as the Town of Marana finalizes plans to put up fences along much the same western boundary lines now being temporarily marked by DeGroot and Fraijo.

This Bureau of Reclamation marker is located at the top of Mineshaft Hill, near the southwest corner of the Preserve. The damage was probably the result of gunfire.

Master Naturalists will have an opportunity for some memorable personal exploration of the Tortolita Preserve in a few months. Franklin Lane iscurrently collecting names of Master Naturalists who are interested in participating in a big BioBlitz planned by

• the Town of Marana,

• the Tortolita Alliance, 

• Arizona Master Naturalists, 

• the Coalition for Sonora Desert Protection, and 

• the Arizona Game and Fish Dept.

Training will be provided. The big event, which could take place in November, will probably put Master Naturalists in prominent positions in a small army of citizen-scientists. PCMN Franklin Lane is gathering names of interested participants now. If you think you would like to be part of the BioBlitz, please send Franklin an email at

fdewittlane@gmail.com


…and if you have a couple of hours to spare sometime, drive out to the main entrance of the Tortolita Preserve at 6250 W. Moore Road and walk a mile or two on the user-friendly 9.5-mile trail system.

Getting to the Root of Things

Getting to the Root of Things

Blogpost written by PCMN Kathleen Mclin

Volunteering with Jessica Paul, Master Naturalist and Community Gardens of Tucson Program Leader is a real life “Growth“ experience. Students, teachers and myself included are learning valuable skills
and life lessons as budding gardeners.

When I signed up to volunteer I had little more than a basic knowledge of gardening. At home, a few flower beds, failures and successes with a few veggies, not sure what I might contribute but one thing I knew for sure, where there is a garden there is life!

With my camera in hand I decided to dig right in (pun intended)
and hoped to add my love for all creatures great and small.
Together we are helping our youthful participants appreciate the great diversity of life that exists in and around a garden. And, we get to see, feel, smell, and eventually taste the fruits of our efforts, while learning life lessons to carry with us throughout our lives. See the example below.

Equality versus Equity a Garden’s Lesson in Fairness

Planting a garden does far more than providing food, fragrance and beauty. And though none can deny the healthful, spirit lifting benefits that sunshine and fresh air provide, Gardeners also learn different plants are not meant to be treated as equals. Gardening teaches us that fairness requires an understanding of the value of diversity. This does not mean that every plant enjoys equality (“every plant gets the same thing”) as compared to equity where (“every plant gets what it needs”).

Every plant has it’s growing season, a time when it has the best chance of taking root, thriving and maturing.

Every plant requires a certain soil depth, amount of light, and water. Some more, Some less.

For example: Beans versus Lettuce

Beans prefer warmer weather, so plant in full sun. Water plants regularly. Though compost can be worked into the soil prior to planting, don’t overfertilize the beans.

Most varieties of lettuce require cool weather or slight shading for best growth. Aged compost is optimal but average soil will produce healthy seedlings if soil is kept moist but well drained. Plant during the cool part of the year, when temperatures range in between 50/60 degrees Fahrenheit. You can plant lettuce as soon as the ground can be worked in spring.

So what is better for these 2 plants?

Equality or Equity?

Students which concept best applies to You? Why?

Tending a garden teaches great life lessons:

1. Patience
2. Caring
3. Perserverance
4. Respect for life

Care for yourself like you care for your garden. It’s in your hands to give it/and you what is needed to thrive. You reap the rewards of your own efforts.

Care for yourself like you care for your garden.  It’s in your hands to give it/and you what is needed to thrive. You reap the rewards of your own efforts.

The Community Garden School project is always looking for volunteers. Contact Jessica Paul if you’d like to help

Purrll, Purrll….

By Franklin Lane PCMN C1

7 February 2022, (near) McNeal Arizona. 

I visit the Sulphur Springs valley south of Wilcox, Arizona several times a year. Normally I’m enroute to the Chiricahua Mountains or, accompanying a historian friend tracing the route of the old Butterfield stage line. But early every February I’m outside McNeal at the Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area. This is the major Arizona wintering spot of Sandhill Cranes (Crus canadensis). ‘Purrll’ might not be an accurate description of their distinctive call but that’s what it sounds like to me. Hard to distinguish when several thousand birds are all communicating at the same time.

The Sandhill is one of just two cranes native to North America. The other is the much more threatened Whooping Crane (Crus americana). The other dominant, migratory species at Whitewater is the Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens).

I go in early February because the timing is right to observe the birds re-massing at Whitewater between 10:30-11:30 a.m. after their morning scavenging. This makes the departure from Tucson for the approximate two-hour drive much more civilized. I also drive the ‘back way’ through Tombstone.  Shorter and prettier than taking the Interstate to the Dragoon or Wilcox exits. Birds can be seen, however, from November to early March.

What particularly struck me this year was the realization that the Sandhills represent the largest gathering of vertebrates that I will probably ever see. Other than Homo sapiens in a football stadium where else can we observe 10 -15,000 individuals of a species this large?

This year the AZGFD has cordoned off the ramada where a Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) is nesting.

Additional Blog posts about Whitewater Draw are archived inApril 2020 and August 2018.

Happy Valentine’s Day, Arizona

Happy Valentine’s Day Arizona! On February 14th, 1912, Arizona became our 48th state. In celebration, Pima County Master Naturalists helped with creating a collaborative project sharing what they love about Arizona.

“I love the diversity of the cultural and natural history of this region. Tucson’s community is a incredible place where we recognize that diversity and celebrate it by continuing to learn about and care for the place that we call home. The desert also has always been a space where I have been able to recenter myself regardless of the stresses that life may bring. I’m so thankful for all of the wonderful people that I’ve met as an AZMN. I always look forward with continuing to collaborate and learn from you all!”

Thank you to all of our members that have helped with project! PCMN Josh S, Cohort 3

My favorite thing about Arizona is the ‘open space’. A walk, bike ride or short drive and you can be away from the trappings of man and enjoying the incredible biodiversity of the Southwest. Being a Master Naturalist allows me to better appreciate what I observe.

Franklin Lane C1


“After living all over the United States, at age 67 I fell in love with the Sonoran Desert. I felt a kinship to the desert where animals and plants not only survive but thrive in the harsh conditions. I fell in love with the towering saguaros, the palo verdes that dance in the wind, the howl of the coyotes and the smell of the desert after a monsoon rain. Every night I turn my gaze into the dark skies and give gratitude for my new home.” Chris Robie, Cohort 6

A Love Letter to Arizona

Thank you Arizona, for being home to wondrous landscapes that others travel so far to see. We may be known as the Grand Canyon State, but we know that we have beautiful landscapes and rich natural and cultural history in every pocket of our state. The lands I feel most connected to, the Sonoran Desert (also known as unceded lands of the Tohono O’odham and the Yoeme), is well known for its’ biodiversity of plants, animals, soils and species, the impressive families of saguaros and desert life, the rainbow streaked sunrises and sunsets, and the life-giving monsoons. Sharing what we love and how we want to continue doing better for this state, its’ peoples, its’ cultures’, and its’ lands is a big part of why I’m with Arizona Master Naturalists. Photo and post by Mely Bohlman, C5

Photo and post by Mely Bohlman, C5

Javelina Haiku

Collared peccary.

Golden hour illuminates ~

beauty of not-pig.

Linda Doughty C 6

Linda Doughty C 6

“I love the rivers of southern Arizona even when they are dry. Monitoring flow in the Rillito River has given me a greater appreciation of the beauty the river bed shares with us, no matter the flow.” Post and picture by Jan Schwartz

Rillito River at Alvernon

“I love the desert because of its great diversity of people, cultures, wildlife and plants. I was born here, as was my mother, and I grew up seeing the glorious mountains surrounding our home, exploring the desert on foot and on horseback, building forts in cactus, and waiting in anticipation for the monsoon rains. Being an Arizona Master Naturalist has helped me discover new things about our area, but more importantly, I have discovered many opportunities to help protect our Sonoran desert and help others learn about its fragile beauty.” – Tori West – Cohort 4

Tori West – Bobcat in the backyard

“I love the Sonoran Desert because of how WILD it feels! I love seeing nature all around me, from stately saguaros to vibrant little verdins. The wilderness just feels closer in Tucson than it does in other places I’ve lived, and it makes it feel like home. I especially love the abundance of bird life that share the desert. They make it so that there is always something exciting to photograph!” – Sam W

Haiku for the Santa Cruz 2022.

Arrowwood grows now

love Reconciliation

River, Apache

Submitted by Kathy Altman C5:

“We got here in 1979 because I had become aware of the wonderful bio-diversity here! Especially regarding the Butterfly species. And quickly found several rare residents like Thessalia fulvia, cyneas and Liminitis archippus and Astyanax.”

Wild at Heart Burrowing Owl Project

Wild at Heart Burrowing Owl Project

Written by Deb Petrich (C1) and Kathy McLin (C3) with contributions from Penny Miller.

Photos taken by Kathy McLin.

On a sunny winter’s day in January, a group of 10 Pima County Master Naturalists (PCMN) and other volunteers, embarked on building 13 small release tents over artificial burrows at Wild At Heart’s Martin Farm site in Marana.  Wild at Heart (WAH) is an Arizona-based Raptor Rescue Organization and their Burrowing Owl Project relocates burrowing owls rescued from construction or land development sites across the State of Arizona.  Burrowing owls are federally listed as endangered species in Canada, threatened species in Mexico, and protected by varying laws in 9 US states. Reasons for their decline include habitat destruction, climate change/drought/fire, and farm pesticides which kill their insect prey.  For the Martin Farm site this day, 26 Burrowing Owls were being relocated from Phoenix and released in our 13 newly constructed tents by Greg Clark, Burrowing Owl Habitat Coordinator, from WAH.  Each tent contains 2 burrowing owls, 1 male and 1 female. 

For the next 6 weeks, PCMNs Jean Boris (C2), Penny Miller (C2), Debbie Petrich (C1) with Kathy McLin (C3), and Kathe Sudano (C3), in addition to 3 other volunteers, who were trained on feeding the owls mice on boards and changing out water, will return on their specific day to do so. Important information such as number of mice remaining on boards, number of owls observed, and any external disturbances around the tent from possible predators is recorded in each tent site notebook by that day’s volunteer. In addition, Greg is notified via email with this daily information so as to alleviate any potential issues with the owls. 

Around week 5 the tents will be removed and the owls will be free to remain in their burrow or seek out another home.  In our training, Greg advised us that none of the owls relocated to the Martin Farm site in the past has tried to return to Phoenix. Penny Miller may address this concept of “Home Site fidelity”, the tendency of burrowing owls and other relocated wildlife to return to a previously occupied place or nesting site, in a future blog post. 

Other PCMNs who volunteered to help build tents in the morning session were Sam Wilber (C4), Jenna Marvin (C3), Dre Hoerr (C3), Kim Stone (C2), Marlene Shamis (C4) and Carly Pierson (C6). See the end of this post for several photos from this very rewarding experience and especially of the burrowing owls.

Thank you Wild at Heart for your dedication to saving these charming little owls and inviting us to be a part of their relocation. Their mission (from their website): ‘Wild At Heart is a rescue, rehabilitation and release center for birds of prey. Its primary purpose is to rescue injured owls, hawks, falcons and eagles; rehabilitate them; and, ultimately, release them back into the wild. Its guiding mission is to do what is in the best interest of these magnificent birds.’

Pima County Master Naturalist Annual Membership Meeting 2021 Recap

The Pima County Chapter of the Arizona Master Naturalists held its annual membership meeting on Sunday 12/5/21 at the home of the Chapter Secretary, Carrie Barcom, in Tanque Verde. Previous meetings have been held at Tucson Botanical Gardens (2018), Molino Basin Campground (2019), and on Zoom (2020).

The primary article of business was to confirm the selection of Jan Schwartz (C4) as president for 2022 and Melissa Fratello (C5) as President-Elect (2023). In the photo below Jan is front row, third from the left not counting ‘Cameron’ the pooch. Melissa Fratello is back row, sixth from the right. The other bookend husky is ‘Haiku.’


The central theme of the gathering was ‘resiliency.’ We were reminded that we are a volunteer organization run entirely by volunteers. We have weathered (and continue to weather) almost two years of pandemic restrictions and the loss of elected leadership during that critical time. While we don’t always get our hours posted in Volgistics with ‘disciplined regularity’ we nonetheless are back out there volunteering and serving our desert and community. Our brand is becoming a real presence in Pima County. As recent evidence of this, the City of Marana has asked for our assistance in conducting a species survey of the Tortolita Preserve. We would participate in partnership with the Arizona Game and Fish Department, the Coalition for Sonoran Desert Protection, and the Tortolita Alliance. More to come in early 2022.

Brand new ‘Certified’ Master Naturalists from Cohort 5 were recognized: Paula Redinger, Les Krammer, and Kathy Altman.

A group of birders stand together looking at a field guide.

Prior to the meeting and potluck picnic there were a couple optional activities to participate in. Several MN’s joined curriculum instructor, and Chapter supporter, Jeff Babson from Pima County, Natural Resources, Parks and Recreation (PCNRPR) on a bird walk in Agua Caliente park.

Jeff was able to turn the session into some coveted Advanced Training (SKILLS) hours by teaching his protocols for species identification; shape, size, habitat, etc. Among the species the group observed were a vermilion flycatcher, grey flycatcher, and Lincoln’s sparrow (below).


Members also had the opportunity to earn some regular Advanced Training hours by participating in a collaborative, desert ecology walk along the Pink Hill Trail in Saguaro National Park East. Learning from each other along an incredibly diverse and representative section of Sonoran Desert was a rewarding experience. Below, a few members both mourn and examine an iconic species.

After the picnic lunch, our Chapter Advisor, LoriAnne Barnett-Warren, conducted a raffle of items donated by the membership. These incredibly handsome donations and the generosity of participants netted the Chapter around $250.00 that can be used to continue to increase our diversity by providing scholarships and/or offset the cost of our course of instruction. Special thanks to PCMN members who donated personal works of art. Reminder, if you are willing to donate your copy of A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert for a scholarship student in C6 just let anyone on the Board of Directors or Curriculum Committee know.

Finally, our incoming president announced to those members present that the preparations for Cohort 6 are being finalized. Three information sessions were held on Zoom and interviews are being conducted. It is anticipated that C6 will be a hybrid course with live field sessions and a mix of both live and zoom classroom instruction. But as always, we’ll be flexible!

“If you let the landscape talk to you, it will. It will pull you. It will guide you”

Dine’ saying

Lets be Batty for Bats! 🦇

Blog post written by PCMN Josh Skattum

Happy Bat Week to all current and future bat aficionados! October 24th through October 31st was International Bat Week! At this time of the year we commonly are preparing for the spooky festivities of Halloween. Often this holiday can be hallmarked by our beloved bats! I must forewarn you all, this is not a scary spooky blog post. In fact I am here to adore you with cute bat photos and inspirational insights about these incredible flying wonders! International bat week is a time to raise awareness about these animals. Plus, Tucson is such a wonderful place for us to do that!

Let’s first start with how incredibly diverse these animals are! There are roughly 6,500 different species of mammals found on our little planet. Within that about 1,400 species are bats making up over 20% of mammalia. They can be found on almost every continent other than Antarctica. These animals have adapted the locomotion of flight and are the only known mammals that can do so. Now you might ask, what about the flying squirrel? Well guess what, they glide, can’t fly. And then you might ask, well I heard about flying foxes once. Well guess what, they’re a glorified Australian bat that just look really cute like a fox. These animals found their niche and it only gets better from here!

I hope after reading this you tell yourself, Arizona is blessed with bats, because it’s true! I’m a relocated Midwesterner and there we could only observe 8 different species. Here in Arizona, we have nearly 30 different kinds! These animals are intrinsic to our Sonoran Desert Ecology as well as our local Tucson festivities. Let’s swoop into why!

Bats have adapted all sorts of feeding habits and they’re so important. We’ll first debunk the classic cliche that they’ll suck your blood. Only vampire bats, hairy-legged vampire bats, and white-winged vampire bats consume blood and are endemic to the rainforests of America. So unless you live in Mexico, Chile, and Argentina, you should only be thankful for these animals. Many bat species consume insects including mosquitos! If we’re thankful for a great monsoon season, then we should thank the bats for helping us keep those blood suckers at bay. (Mosquitos of course).

The lesser long-nosed bat is known as a fruigivore! They consume fruit and nectar from several of our columnar cacti and agaves. Due to their diet selection they serve as pollinators for these plants! Their symbiotic relationship is what allows us to consume and sometimes enjoy tequila! One of my favorite festivals here in Tucson is the Agave Festival, as we also celebrate the lesser long-nosed bat while enjoying our historic downtown. There are many other wonderful ways to celebrate bats here in Pima County!

Here we have batapalooza at Agua Caliente Park. At batapalooza fun games and activities about bats were displayed for friends and families. As the sun sets, mist nets and acoustic software were used to identify these animals. Did you know that researchers can make an ID based off of the acoustic wave lengths that are emitted during echolocation? It’s a great way to identify their presence or absence without an invasive means. There is also a device called “echo meter touch”, which you can plug into your phone / tablet and be used to identify and learn about bats flying overhead. Another option for researching migratory patterns of specific individuals is by what we call “mist netting”. These animals fly into the nets, are carefully taken out, and then the researcher may ID tag the animal while taking notes. Did you know that Mexican free-tailed bats can live up to 18 years. We know this because of this kind of research. Imagine ID’ing the same bat for 18 years! Cool fact! Some bat species look so similar that scientists will look at the shape of the tragus as a distinguishing characteristic while using a dichotomous key.

These animals will roost in unique structures! The western yellow bat enjoys palm trees, canyon bats will roost in crevices and caves within canyons, and Mexican free-tailed bats can be observed roosting within infrastructure such as underneath bridges! Historically Pima County Parks and Recreation has had multiple events were you can watch plumes emerging from underneath bridges along the river walk. There’s even a cute little bat sculpture riding a bicycle! Only females of the Mexican free-tailed bats migrate to Arizona to create what’s called a nursery roost. They typically only have one pup and will invest care into the individual until they’re ready to leave. Females are able to identify their young using echolocation despite being surrounded by possibly 20,000 other individuals.

The desert museum is also a great place to learn about these animals! During the summer and leading into fall, bat’s are typically out and about anywhere you go at night. However, at the Desert Museum, there are many educational displays to learn about these animals. They also will have fun summer night programs where you are able to celebrate and learn about Sonoran Desert, all while experiencing the desert at dark!

Bat aficionado at the Desert Museum, learning about ear adaptations for echolocation.

Not only can you enjoy experiences where you can learn about these animals, you can help save them by volunteering with the flowers and bats project. This is a community science project where you hike predetermined routes and identify specific blooming plants. Due to climate change, habitat destruction, wild fires in our non-fire adapted ecosystem, and invasive species; the Sonoran Desert could be changing! Without these blooming plants, lesser-long nosed bats could run out of necessary food resources that they depend on for their migration back to Mexico. We then would lose the animal that pollinates our agave, the source for tequila for our margaritas! Okay I lied, so maybe we do have a scary spooky plot here.

We all know the stories that people share giving bats a bad rap. Though they’re kind of the underdogs of the mammalian world and we need them to pull through! Otherwise instead of saying to yourselves, “Bats give me the “heebie jeebies”. You might find yourself saying; “oh my gosh, I am covered in mosquitoes, oh my gosh, help me”. Or “I really miss the blooms of these beautiful plants” Or “why is there a bat riding a bicycle statue?” How about? “Remember when we could enjoy a crisp margarita on a hot afternoon?”

Plus, who wouldn’t miss these cute little faces?

Resources